Build Your Vocab 1

1. culpability

Meaning 
 noun
noun: culpability
  1. responsibility for a fault or wrong; blame.
    "a level of moral culpability"
2. asset
noun
plural noun: assets
  1. a useful or valuable thing or person.
    "quick reflexes were his chief assets"

3.in·es·cap·a·ble
adjective
  1. unable to be avoided or denied.
    "political reform was inescapable"


adjective
adjective: unilateral
  1. 1.
    (of an action or decision) performed by or affecting only one person, group, or country involved in a particular situation, without the agreement of another or the others.
    "unilateral nuclear disarmament"
  2. 2.
    relating to, occurring on, or affecting only one side of an organ or structure, or of the body.

verb
  1. make less severe, serious, or painful.
    "he wanted to mitigate misery in the world"

adjective
  1. hard to control or deal with.
    "intractable economic problems"
    Similar:
    unmanageable
    uncontrollable
    ungovernable
    out of control

7. on·slaught

noun
noun: onslaught; plural noun: onslaughts
  1. a fierce or destructive attack.
    "a series of onslaughts on the citadel"
    • a large quantity of people or things that is difficult to cope with.
      "an onslaught of electronic mail"
8. be·nign
/bəˈnīn/

adjective
adjective: benign
  1. 1.
    gentle; kindly.
    "his benign but firm manner"
  2. (of a climate or environment) mild and favorable.



  3. not harmful to the environment.
    "an ozone-benign refrigerant"

 2. MEDICINE
    (of a disease) not harmful in effect: in particular, (of a tumor) not malignant.

9. beleaguer
/bɪˈliːɡə/


verb
past tense: beleaguered; past participle: beleaguered
  1. lay siege to.
    "he led a relief force to the aid of the beleaguered city"
put in a very difficult situation.
"the board is supporting the beleaguered director"




noun
CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY
  1. the tendency to sin innate in all human beings, held to be inherited from Adam in consequence of the Fall. The concept of original sin was developed in the writings of St. Augustine.



11. bot·tom line
/ˈbädəm ˈˌlīn/
noun
INFORMAL
noun: bottom line; noun: bottomline
  1. the final total of an account, balance sheet, or other financial document.
    "the determination of Japanese companies to ignore the bottom line"
    • the underlying or ultimate outcome or criterion.
      "the bottom line is I'm still married to Denny"
12. en·voy
/ˈenˌvoi,ˈänˌvoi/


noun
noun: envoy; plural noun: envoys
  1. 1.
    a messenger or representative, especially one on a diplomatic mission.
    "the UN special envoy to Yugoslavia"
      2. a minister plenipotentiary, ranking below ambassador and above chargé d'affaires.

13. per·suade
     /pərˈswād/

verb
past tense: persuaded; past participle: persuaded
  1. cause (someone) to do something through reasoning or argument.
    "it wasn't easy, but I persuaded him to do the right thing"
  • cause (someone) to believe something, especially after a sustained effort; convince.
    "he did everything he could to persuade the police that he was the robber"
  • (of a situation or event) provide a sound reason for (someone) to do something.
    "the cost of the manor's restoration persuaded them to take in guests"

14. fraught
/frôt/
adjective
adjective: fraught
  1. 1.
    (of a situation or course of action) filled with or likely to result in (something undesirable).
    "marketing any new product is fraught with danger"

      2.    causing or affected by anxiety or stress.
            "there was a fraught silence"

15. dev·as·tate
/ˈdevəˌstāt/
verb
past tense: devastated; past participle: devastated
  1. destroy or ruin (something).
    "the city was devastated by a huge earthquake"
      
      cause (someone) severe and overwhelming shock or grief.
     "she was devastated by the loss of Damian"


16. clarion call
phrase of clarion


a strongly expressed demand or request for action.
"he issued a clarion call to young people to join the Party"

17. man·i·fes·to
/ˌmanəˈfestō/
noun
noun: manifesto; plural noun: manifestos
  1. a public declaration of policy and aims, especially one issued before an election by a political party or candidate.
    "a manifesto for Afro-american liberation"



18. vi·tu·per·a·tive
/vīˈt(y)o͞opəˌrādiv,vəˈt(y)o͞op(ə)rədiv/

bitter and abusive.
"the criticism soon turned into a vituperative attack"

19. po·lem·i·cal
/pəˈlemək(ə)l/
adjective
  1. relating to or involving strongly critical, controversial, or disputatious writing or speech.
    "a polemical essay"

 20. di·a·tribe
/ˈdīəˌtrīb/

noun
noun: diatribe; plural noun: diatribes
  1. a forceful and bitter verbal attack against someone or something.
    "a diatribe against the Roman Catholic Church"


21. un·can·ny
         /ˌənˈkanē/
adjective
adjective: uncanny; comparative adjective: uncannier; superlative adjective: uncanniest
  1. strange or mysterious, especially in an unsettling way.
    "an uncanny feeling that she was being watched"

22. fore·bod·ing
/fôrˈbōdiNG/
noun
plural noun: forebodings
  1. fearful apprehension; a feeling that something bad will happen.
    "with a sense of foreboding she read the note"


23. ex·tri·cate
/ˈekstrəˌkāt/
verb
verb: extricate; 3rd person present: extricates; past tense: extricated; past participle: extricated; gerund or present participle: extricating
  1. free (someone or something) from a constraint or difficulty.
    "he was trying to extricate himself from official duties"



24. im·passe
/ˈimˌpas,imˈpas/
noun
  1. a situation in which no progress is possible, especially because of disagreement; a deadlock.
    "the current political impasse"

25. jer·e·mi·ad
/ˌjerəˈmīəd/
noun
plural noun: jeremiads
  1. a long, mournful complaint or lamentation; a list of woes.
    "the jeremiads of puritan preachers warning of moral decay"


26. hu·bris
/ˈ(h)yo͞obrəs/
noun
noun: hubris
  1. excessive pride or self-confidence.
    "the self-assured hubris among economists was shaken in the late 1980s"


27. scourge
/skərj/
noun
noun: scourge; plural noun: scourges
  1. 1.
    HISTORICAL
    a whip used as an instrument of punishment.

28. glar·ing
/ˈɡleriNG/
adjective
adjective: glaring
  1. 1.
    giving out or reflecting a strong or dazzling light.
    "the glaring sun"

  2. 2. staring fiercely or fixedly.
  1. "their glaring eyes"
  2. 3.
    highly obvious or conspicuous.
    "there is a glaring omission in the above data"

29. pre·cinct
/ˈprēsiNG(k)t/
noun
plural noun: precincts
  1. 1.
    NORTH AMERICAN
    a district of a city or town as defined for police purposes.
  2. 2.
    the area within the walls or perceived boundaries of a particular building or place.
    "all strata of society live within these precincts"

30. es·chew
/əsˈCHo͞o,iˈSHo͞o/


verb
gerund or present participle: eschewing
  1. deliberately avoid using; abstain from.
    "he appealed to the crowd to eschew violence"


31. ex·cru·ci·at·ing
/ikˈskro͞oSHēˌādiNG/
adjective
  1. intensely painful.
    "excruciating back pain"

  2.  mentally agonizing; very embarrassing, awkward, or tedious.
      "excruciating boredom"


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